# APPLICATION NOTES

Are you looking for a particular application? Are you looking for a method explanation? Check out here all the application notes from OrigaLys team.

General electrochemistry
Battery
Corrosion
Basics
Practical works

## Explanations about standard methods, such as CV, CA, CP, Staircase, Interactive and so on

For the Experts

Intermediate

Elementary, it requires basic knowledge

For the beginners

AP-GE01

### Cyclic Voltammetry (CV) 4 limits

Learn how to use the CV 4 limits method thanks to a simple example: Ferri/Ferrate solution.

AP-GE01

AP-GE02

Learn how to use the Advanced CV method thanks to a simple example: Ferri/Ferrate solution.

AP-GE02

AP-GE03

### Interactive Cyclic Voltammetry

Learn how to use the Interactive CV method thanks to a simple example: Ferri/Ferrate solution.

AP-GE03

AP-GE04

### Interactive Amperometry

Learn how to use Interactive Amperometry method thanks to a simple example: Ferri/Ferrate solution.

AP-GE04

AP-GE05

### Staircase Voltammetry

Learn how to use the Staircase method thanks to a simple example: Ferri/Ferrate solution.

AP-GE05

AP-GE06

### Chrono Amperometry Expert

Learn how to use the Chrono Amperometry Expert method thanks to a simple example: Ferri/Ferrate solution.

AP-GE06

AP-GE07

### Chrono Potentiometry Expert

Learn how to use the Chrono Potentiometry Expert method thanks to a capacitor 35V, 470µF.

AP-GE07

AP-GE08

### Levich Study (RDE)

Learn the Levich equation and its impact on the current in Voltammetry tests if we use a Rotating Disk Electrode (RDE).

AP-GE08

AP-GE09

### Pot. Dynamic EIS

Learn the Pot. Dynamic EIS method if we use a Rotating Disk Electrode (RDE).

AP-GE09

AP-GE10

### Differential Pulse (DPV)

Learn the Differential Pulse (DPV) method.

AP-GE10

AP-GE11

### Reference electrode verification

Learn here how to test your reference electrode.

AP-GE11

AP-GE12

### Glassy carbon tip activation

Learn here how to activate ta Glassy Carbon working electrode

AP-GE12

AP-GE13

### iR compensation

Learn here how to compensate the resistances of the cables to get more accurate data.

AP-GE13

AP-GE14

### Bipotentiostat

Learn here how to configure bipotentiostat with OrigaFlex range.

AP-GE14

AP-GE15

### Integration on Voltametric curves

Learn here how to analyze the integration on voltametric curves.

AP-GE15

AP-GE16

### OrigaSwitch

Learn here how to use the foot switch to start and stop the rotation of the RDE from OrigaLys: OrigaTrod.

AP-GE16

AP-GE17

### Permeation Hydrogen

Learn here how to study the diffusion of hydrogen through metallic materials. This phenomenon is known as hydrogen permeation (HPF).

AP-GE17

AP-B01

### Expert Charge and Discharge Cycle

Learn how to use the Expert Charge and Discharge Cycle method, thanks to a standard battery: Ni-Cd 1.2 V, 600 mAh.

AP-B01

AP-B02

### Single Charge or Discharge

Learn how to use the Expert Charge and Discharge Cycle method, thanks to a standard battery: Ni-Cd 1.2 V, 600 mAh.

AP-B02

AP-B03

### Constant Power

This Application Note describes about a very useful method for testing batteries in long or short term. The power of battery will be kept constant by imposing current and measuring potential during time. Changing the potential and current of the battery, will be investigated.

AP-B03

AP-B04

### Photovoltaic - Solar Cell

This Application Note describes how we can analyze behavior of solar cell with photovoltaic method and accessories : LED optical bench and OCP/Impedance methods.

AP-B04

AP-B05

### 2 or 4 electrodes - Comparison

This Application Note describes the differences between measurement in 2 electrode mode and 4 electrode mode.

AP-B05

AP-B06

### I-V Characterisation

This Application Note describes how to analyze solar cells with IV Characterization method and LED light sources.

AP-B06

AP-B07

This Application Note describes how to use the OrigDiff to measure two additionnal voltages (REF3 & REF4) in a cell.

AP-B07

AP-B08

### Mott-Schottky on Solar cell

This Application Note describes a test made on solar cell with LED light source.

AP-B08

AP-B09

### GITT on Li-ion battery

This Application Note describes the use of GITT method to export quantitative and qualitative data.

AP-B09

## Explanations about Corrosion methods, such as Tafel, Rp or Evans

AP-C01

### Polarization for Corrosion (Tafel)

Learn how to use the Polarization for Corrosion method and Tafel post-treatment, thanks to a standard sample: Iron nail.

AP-C01

AP-C02

### General Corrosion (Rp)

Learn how to use the General Corrosion method to get Rp value, thanks to a standard sample: Iron nail.

AP-C02

AP-C03

## Coupled Corrosion (Evans)

Learn how to use the Coupled Corrosion method and perfom Evans post-treatment, thanks to a standard samples: Copper and Steel.

AP-C03

## Explanations about electrochemical vocabulary or some tips about the accessories or instruments

AP-ORI01

### Electrochemical vocabulary

Learn the basic vocabulary of electrochemical field.

AP-ORI01

AP-ORI02

### How to check the electrode cables

Learn how to check your electrode cables to be sure it's fully operational.

AP-ORI02

AP-ORI03

### Parameters

Learn how to set the optimal parameters to get the perfect curve.

AP-ORI03

AP-ORI04

### How to deal with noise

Learn how to understand what a noisy signal is and how to avoid it by easy tricks and also by software parameters.

AP-ORI04

AP-ORI05

### How to create multi-method sequence

Learn how to create different configuration of sequences: different methods, same methods with same parameters, manual loops, same methods with different parameters, and so on.

AP-ORI05

AP-ORI06

### Stabilization of Working Electrode in Electrochemical Analysis

It is highly important to stabilize the working electrode to get the most accurate result possible. Learn how to do it in this application note.

AP-ORI06

AP-ORI07

### Axis customization, creation of curve types

With "custom type" window, it is possible to customize the axes of a curve and so create your own profile of curve, your own "type" of curve. Learn how to do it with the application note.

AP-ORI07

AP-ORI08

### Auto ranging delay

This option is a very important one for the low scan rates. Learn here how to use it.

AP-ORI08

## All our Practical works, made for Teaching purpose

TP-0

### Introduction to Corrosion

Learn how Corrosion can be analyzed with potentiostat. We propose some experiments in order to be more familiar with corrosion tests: Pitting, Galvanic, General, Passivation, etc.

### TP-1 Study of the electrochemical inertia domain of the solvent

With this Practical work, we explain how the students can trace the intensity-potential curve of water (i=f(E)).

### TP-2 Ferri/Ferrate Cyanide system

With this Practical work, we explain how the students can trace the intensity-potential curve of Ferri/Ferrate Cyanide (i=f(E)).

### TP-3 Galvanic Corrosion

With this Practical work, we explain the principles of the Galvanic Corrosion. Then, we propose an example with Steel and Copper.

### TP-4 Pitting Corrosion

With this Practical work, we explain the principles of the Pitting Corrosion. Then, we propose an example with Stainless Steel.

With this Practical work, we explain the principles of the Flade method. Then, we propose an example with Iron.

### TP-6 Tafel Method

With this Practical work, we explain the principles of Tafel. Then, we propose an example with Steel.